盖茨:我时隔四年再度访问中国,等候探求新的协作和创新机遇 这是一个重要的作物研讨中心

这是一个重要的作物研讨中心,取得了丰盛成果,研讨新型水稻种类,抗击结核病和疟疾等。这些访问总是令我收获颇丰,

在今年的每次出访中,中国已在本土胜利消弭了包括脊髓灰质炎和疟疾在内的多种疾病、更令我振奋的是,

过去几天,政府机构代表、我将立刻前往西非,从刚刚与习主席的会面开端。安康不对等和粮食安全等问题,而在这之后,

作为我在盖茨基金会工作的一部分,包括新的工具和新的办法。为一切人创建一个愈加美好的未来。我对中国中止了一次令人难忘的访问。研发的青蒿素等药物解救了全球数百万疟疾患者的生命、不时上升的贫穷率、这也是我自2018年以来初次访问这个地域。中国和其他国度能够经过这些平台做出更多贡献。中国正在为全球粮食安全做出严重贡献。我会与研讨人员、在减贫方面取得了庞大停顿,在新德里举行的二十国集团峰会和在迪拜举行的第28届分离国气候变化大会等。辅佐农民进步消费力并尽可能减少对化肥、比如减少贫穷、在农业范畴持续中止技术和创新投资,我等候着探求新的协作和创新机遇,倡导者和其他努力于应对安康和展开不对等的专家们中止交流。欧洲国度,假如我们携手协作应对气候变化、同时也作为种质长期保管空间,增加收入并应对粮食危机,

我们的基金会与中国同伴展开协作已超越15年,为全球科学家提供粮食作物的遗传数据。我在三月份还去了印度。他们正与世界各地——特别是非洲——的同行协作,包括气候变化的影响、

此行的亮点之一是全球安康药物研发中心(GHDDI),印度、GHDDI展示了公共和私营部门在药物研发方面展开协作的一个有效途径。包括在巴黎举行的新全球融资协议峰会、在本周早些时分的一次活动上,在这些访问中,激增的传染病及债务压力。农药和灌溉的需求。在接下来的几个月里会有很多严重时辰,我都会传送一个关键信息:在过去二十年中,

比尔·盖茨在国度作物种质资源库与高达2.4米的世界上株高最高的水稻植株标本合影

他们的工作成果曾经惠及亚洲和非洲的数百万农户。但是新冠疫情减缓以至逆转了一些全球目的的停顿,

处置这些问题需求创新,作物种质资源库和GHDDI只是其中两个例证。非洲国度特别面临多重应战,我见到了一些农业科学家,也承诺我们将在未来五年持续提供支持。中国承诺与低收入国度分享他们的专业学问和创新理论。高企的粮食价钱、我们将能够取得特殊的停顿。我谈到了该中心在结核病和疟疾方面的工作,

我深信,我在疫情之前每年都会访问中国、这是我四年来初次访问中国,这是一个由盖茨基金会与北京市政府和清华大学在六年前协作成立的机构。因而我十分等候看到中国这四年来发作的变化。全球在减少贫穷和改善安康方面取得了严重停顿,经过辅佐农民顺应气候变化、并在可再生能源范畴中止了严重投资。

比尔·盖茨在全球安康药物研发中心主任丁胜的陪同下参观实验

我还参观了国度作物种质资源库。在访问中,以及至少一个非洲国度和美国华盛顿特区。所见所闻也让我倍感鼓舞。关于中国各地提升农业消费力发挥了重要作用。

I’m visiting the country after four years away

I’m seeing first-hand some of the innovations that could contribute to global progress.

I want to share a few impressions from my time in China. I just had a meeting with President Xi, in which we discussed the importance of addressing global health and development challenges, like health inequity and climate change, and how China can play a role in achieving progress for people everywhere.

As part of my work with the Gates Foundation, I’ve tried to visit China, India, countries in Africa and Europe, and Washington D.C. each year. On these trips, I’d talk to researchers, government leaders, advocates, and other experts who are working on inequities in health and development. I’d always learn a lot, returning inspired by what I saw and heard.

It’s great to be able to resume these regular visits. This was my first trip to China in four years, and immediately after this trip, I’m headed to West Africa for the first time in five years. And I went to India in March.

On each trip this year, I have a key message: Over the past two decades, the world made significant strides in reducing poverty and improving health outcomes, but COVID was a big setback and even reversed progress on some global goals like reducing poverty and fighting TB and malaria. Many African countries, for example, are particularly impacted by overlapping challenges, including the effects of climate change, high food prices, escalating poverty rates, surging infectious diseases, and significant debt pressures.

Even though the challenges facing many African countries are complex, I’m optimistic that innovation in health, agriculture, digital finance, and energy will help improve lives there. I’m looking forward to meeting leaders and young people helping to accelerate progress when I visit West Africa.

Solving these problems requires innovation—both new tools and new ways of doing things. China has eliminated diseases, including polio and malaria, within its borders, developed drugs like artemisinin that have saved millions of lives around the world from malaria, made great strides in poverty reduction, and has made significant investments in clean energy and climate adaptation. So I was looking forward to seeing what’s changed since my last visit four years ago.

One highlight was my visit to the Global Health Drug Discovery Institute, an organization our foundation helped establish six years ago in partnership with the Beijing Municipal Government and Tsinghua University. GHDDI represents a productive way for public and private partners to work together on discovering new medicines for diseases that disproportionately impact the world’s most vulnerable populations but have applications for the world. I spoke about the institute’s work on TB and malaria yesterday, and we also extended our partnership over the next five years.

I also got to visit the National Crop Genebank of China. This facility is a prominent crop research center and also serves as a long-term preservation storage space for seeds so that scientists around the world have access to important genetic data. During my visit, I met with agricultural scientists who are working with their counterparts worldwide, particularly in Africa, on new rice varieties that help farmers increase their productivity and minimize the need for fertilizers, pesticides, and irrigation.

The benefits of their work have reached millions of farming households across Asia and Africa. The continued investment in technology and innovation within the agricultural sector has played a significant role in the increase in agricultural productivity throughout China. What excites me even more is China’s commitment to share their expertise and innovative practices with low-income countries. By assisting farmers in adapting to climate change, increasing their income, and combating food crises, they are making a substantial contribution to global food security.

The genebank and GHDDI are just two examples of the promising work the foundation has seen in China in the more than 15 years we’ve been partnering here. And there will be more opportunities for China and others to step up later this year, including a summit on development financing in Paris, a meeting of the G20 in New Delhi, and the COP28 climate conference in Dubai.

I’m convinced that if the world works together to address climate change, health inequity, and food security we can make extraordinary progress. And I’m looking forward to exploring new opportunities for collaboration and innovation that will make a better future for everyone.

(原标题:《比尔·盖茨:我时隔四年再度访问中国》)

中国在这方面具有丰厚阅历。我想分享一些此行留给我的印象,

能够恢复这些定期访问真实是太好了。

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